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malnutrion

tuyo.jpghttp://www.manilatimes.net/national/2006/june/11/yehey/top_stories/20060611top2.html

Sunday, June 11, 2006

 

What malnutrition does  to Filipino school kids

By The Manila Times Research staff

MILLIONS of Filipino children go to school without proper or enough nutrients and energy to help them through the day. Getting through the work and learning of a day in school can be fun for a well-fed pupil. It is usually painful for a malnourished child.

Of every 100 primary school-age children, 26 were underweight and 37 were underheight or short, the latest nutrition survey (2003) done by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI) of the Department of Science and Technology.

“Being underheight or short reflects current malnutrition or a long-standing poor nutritional status,” the research institute said.

This was an improvement over the finding that 33 out of every 100 were underweight and 41 out of every 100 were underheight in 2001.

Being underweight means a child’s weight relative to her/his age is less than that of a normal child and being underheight or short means his/her height is less than that of a normal child of the same age. On the other hand, being overweight—which is another sign of malnutrition—is when a child’s weight is much more than that of a normal child of the same age.

The 1998 National Nutrition Survey conducted by FNRI-DOST saw four malnutrition problems of Filipino children—protein-energy malnutrition, iron deficiency anemia, vitamin A deficiency and iodine deficiency disorders.

Dr. Ma. Veritas Fajos-Luna, chairman and associate professor of the Department of Food and Nutrition at the University of the Philippines Diliman (UPD), explained that being protein-energy malnourished means that the children do not have enough calories to burn, especially for physical and mental activities.

“The truth here is that Filipinos consume more than 100 percent of the recommended daily allowance for protein but it’s the calories that we are lacking,” Fojas-Luna said. She says calories from carbohydrates are the main sources of energy.

Based on the dietary survey done every five years by FNRI, only protein meets the corresponding recommended daily allowance (RDA) at 106.2 percent while energy is 87.8 percent of RDA, and intakes of vitamins and minerals remain “grossly inadequate,” which ranges from 57.1 percent to 88.1 percent.

“However, since we lack enough calories to burn, our body turns to the proteins that we consume as its source of energy,” Fojas-Luna said. Because most of the proteins are burnt by the body for energy, the nutrient is not able to do its main function of building and rebuilding muscles and tissues.

“This is why malnourished children are stunted and thin,” she said. “They do not build muscles and bones to grow tall and strong,” she said.

Since the body’s proteins are depleted to create of energy, children also cannot fight infection and combat diseases, which is also one function of proteins. Proteins are what keep the immune system healthy. “These children easily get sick. They are often absent from school. They do not perform well in mental and physical activities,” Fojas-Luna said.

Filipinos have low mineral intake, as the dietary survey shows, and because of this many children are afflicted with iron deficiency anemia. According to Fojas-Luna, iron helps in manufacturing red blood cells that bring oxygen to all parts of the body.

“If a child has low red blood cell count, he or she easily gets tired, has no interest in learning or class activities owing to his feeling of fatigue. And he or she cannot concentrate on lectures,” the nutrition professor said.

Iodine deficiency affects the thyroid gland. Iodine is needed to produce hormones needed by the body for various functions. Since the thyroid becomes hyperactive when it tries to capture even minute amounts of iodine in the body, it becomes enlarged. That is goiter, Fojas-Luna said.

Children of iodine-deficient mothers may become retarded, deaf-mute or suffer from “cretinism” (mental and physical undevelopment). Children with low iodine counts, the nutrition professor said, may become mentally slow.

Vitamin A is needed to produce mucous in the membranes of different organs of the body. “We get the sniffles when we have allergens inside the body. We cough or sneeze it out to get the alien entity like dust out of our system. We are able to do that because of the mucous that traps allergens. Mucous is manufactured by our bodies with the help of Vitamin A,” Fojas Luna said.

Without the ability to expel allergens, says the professor, the processes inside the body are hampered. And this makes children sick.

Without Vitamin A, the eyes also dry out, which leads to eye injuries. “Dry eyes cannot expel dust and other objects that get inside,” she said. Chronic dryness of the eyes can eventually lead to blindness.

Vitamin A is also responsible for binding proteins in the retina of the eye which enables people to adjust to darkness. Vitamin A deficiency causes night blindness. “Vitamin A-deficient children become withdrawn at dusk because they cannot see very well in the dark. They reduce their physical activity when it gets dark,” Fojas Luna said.

Malnutrition is debilitating to schoolchildren. FNRI urges that health and nutrition programs and interventions be intensified. It warns, however, that programs on health and nutrition would go nowhere if the root cause of the problem is not addressed.

“There is the greater need for programs and projects that will raise the economic condition of the majority of the Filipino people as malnutrition is associated mainly with poverty. If all the young Filipinos are to attain their greatest potential physically and mentally, the government must not ignore the malnutrition of about one-fourth to one-third of the children,” FNRI said.

kesihatan

Makanan Laut Baik Untuk Kesihatan!

 

Sesetengah orang alah kepada makanan laut sehingga ada yang mengenepikan hidangan enak ini. Ada juga yang berpendapat bahawa makanan laut boleh mendatangkan penyakitTetapi kajian dari sekumpulan pelajar perubatan di Universiti Oklahoma mendapati bahawa makanan laut sangat baik untuk tubuh badan. Ia diyakini berkesan melawan 

kesan penyakit merbahaya seperti kanser, artritis, tekanan darah tinggi, strok dan sakit jantung. Malah makanan laut juga mengandungi Omega-3 yang terbukti baik untuk kesihatan.

 

Nanas Banyak Kebaikannya

 

Mungkin ramai yang belum tahu, nanas atau nama saintifik “Ananas Cosmosus” pada satu masa dahulu adalah buah yang popular dan dikatakan sebagai simbol kemewahan di zaman King Charles 11. Dari segi saintifik, buah nanas mempunyai kandungan protein, karbohidrat dan serat yang tinggi. Nanas juga merupakan sumber vitamin C yang baik. Selain itu, enzim bromealin di dalam nanas berkhasiat sebagai anti radang, mengganggu pertumbuhan sel kanser dan mencegah pengumpulan darah.Nanas juga mempunyai khasiat membantu pencernaan protein, membantu kesihatan mata, menurunkan kolesterol darah dan menjaga kesihatan kulit. Banyak yang boleh dihasilkan dari sebiji buah nanas. Walau apa pun cara penghasilannya, nanas disarankan sebagai salah satu menu sampingan anda.

Mesra Dengan Aromaterapi

Selama lebih 6000 tahun manusia telah menggunakan minyak tumbuh-tumbuhan untuk penyembuhan. Minyak yang dikenali sebagai aromaterapi ini dipercayai dapat mempengaruhi otak dan mengubah respons emosional dan fisiologi tubuh manusia.

Wangian aromaterapi mampu mempengaruhi tubuh manusia terutamanya bahagian otak yang berperanan mengatur emosi. Salah satu minyak yang sangat popular dalam rawatan aromaterapi ialah minyak essential. Minyak ini merupakan ekstrak tumbuh-tumbuhan yang diproses secara khusus. Orang Mesir kuno menggunakan minyak essential ini untuk tujuan rawatan, sebagai wangian, alat solek dan pelbagai lagi. Hari ini penggunaan minyak essential ini semakin berkembang dan popular terutamanya di kalangan golongan moden.

 

Aromaterapi kebiasaannya untuk kegunaan luaran sahaja. Anda boleh menghidu baunya tetapi bukan menghidunya terus dari botol. Titiskan wangian aromaterapi ke dalam mangkuk yang berisi air panas dan panaskan air berkenaan dengan menggunakan lilin khas atau pembakar elektrik. Nikmati kesegaran haruman yang dihasilkan. Anda boleh berbuat demikian sama ada di pejabat, di rumah atau di bilik tidur.

Bagi yang inginkan kesegaran tubuh badan secara lebih menyeluruh, pati aromaterapi ini boleh dititiskan ke dalam air mandian di dalam tab mandi sebelum anda berendam selama 20 hingga 30 minit. Untuk yang lebih ringkas dan sesuai bagi golongan yang bekerja, boleh juga menititiskan wangian aromaterapi ini ke dalam potpori yang diletakkan di dalam bekas khas di atas meja kerja masing-masing.

Untuk mereka yang inginkan kelainan, rawatan urut seluruh badan dengan menggunakan minyak pati aromaterapi ini juga kian mendapat sambutan. Biasanya untuk tujuan urutan, 5 hingga 6 titis pati minyak aromaterapi ini akan dicampurkan dengan minyak zaitun, minyak badam atau sebagainya.

Boleh dikatakan setiap wangian aromaterapi ini boleh memberi reaksi tubuh yang berbeza. Banyak aroma yang diketahui meningkatkan ‘mood’ dan respons seksual. Aroma ‘aphrodisiac’ untuk lelaki, iaitu cinnamon, sandalwood, lavender, patchouli, jasmine dan cardamon. Untuk wanita pula anda boleh mencuba wangian ylang ylang, rose, clary sage atau rosewood.

Selain itu cuba juga titiskan beberapa minyak essential ke sapu tangan. Anda boleh menghidunya seberapa kerap yang anda suka dan ia boleh dibawa ke mana sahaja. Cuba juga titiskan minyak essential ini pada bantal atau pada almari pakaian agar aroma segar dibawa bersama tidak kira ke mana saja anda pergi.

Penduan Penjagaan Kesihatan :
Memelihara Kulit Daripada Jangkitan Kulat

Kulit amat penting bagi setiap manusia. Kulit ialah orang paling besar pada bahagian badan dan mempunyai tiga lapisan, iaitu epidermis, dermis dan tisu-tisu subcutaneous.

Epidermis ialah lapisan atas yang bertindak sebagai pelindung manakala dermis pula lapisan kedua di bawah epidermis.

Tisu subcutaneous pula ialah lapisan ketiga dan paling jauh dari permukaan luar kulit.

Kulit bertanggungjawab melindungi bahagian dalaman badan dari jangkitan dengan menghalang kuman, kulat dan hama daripada memasukinya.

Ia juga bertugas membantu mengawal suhu badan dengan mengeluarkan peluh, memberi rasa panas, sejuk dan sakit.

Bagi sesetengah pesakit yang baru dijangkiti HIV, mereka lazimnya akan mengalami ruam kulit sebagai tanda awal jangkitan.

Bagaimanapun, tidak semua pesakit HIV mengalami tanda-tanda itu. Ini kerana, ruam kulit akan hilang dalam masa seminggu dua tanpa sebarang rawatan.

Lazimnya, apabila HIV semakin berkembang di dalam badan, sistem daya tahan badan menjadi lemah dan badan menjadi lebih terdedah kepada jangkitan kulit.

Sesetengah masalah kulit seperti seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, kayap, herpes simplex, jangkitan kulat dan ruam akibat alahan terhadap ubatan menjadi lebih teruk di kalangan pesakit HIV.

Pesakit juga mungkin mengalami penyakit kulit yang lebih serius seperti yang disebabkan oleh mikobakteriam avium kompleks, kulat dan barah atau ketumbuhan.

Bagaimanakah cara menjaga kulit?

1.  Elakkan kulit daripada mengalami luka, merekah atau calar dan sentiasa awasi sebarang

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